[u][color:e21b=red][b]The Seven Wonders of The Ancient World (1)[/b][/color][/u]
[color:e21b=green][b]The Great Pyramid At Giza(part one)[/b][/color]
This vast Egyptian pyramid is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is also the only wonder still standing today. When it was built, the Great Pyramid was the tallest structure in the world. And it probably held a record for almost 4000 years.
[color:e21b=darkblue][b] A Royal Tomb[/b][/color]
The Great Pyramid was built as a tomb for Khufu, known to the Greeks as Cheops. He was one of the pharaohs, or kings of ancient Egypt, and his tomb was finished about 2580B.C . Later two more pyramids were built at Giza, for Khufu’s son and grand son, as well as smaller pyramids for their queens. Khufu’s pyramid is the farthest away and is the biggest. His son’s pyramid looks taller because it stands on higher ground.
[color:e21b=darkblue][b]Building The Pyramid[/b][/color]
The pyramids stand in an ancient cemetery at Giza, on the opposite bank of the Nile River from Cairo, the capital of modern Egypt. Some archeologists think that it may have taken 100000 men over 20 years to build the Great Pyramid. It was made from more than 2 million stone blocks, each weighing 2.75 tons and more. The workers carried these into place using ramps, rollers, and levers and then fit them together using mortar.
[u][b]Vocabulary:[/b][/u] Mortar: lime, sand and water for holding bricks and stones together.
Ramp: sloping surface joining two levels.
Levers: bar or rod used to move a heavy object.