Would you like to react to this message? Create an account in a few clicks or log in to continue.

Teaching and Education
HomeHome  NEW TOPICS!!!!!NEW TOPICS!!!!!  GalleryGallery  Latest imagesLatest images  SearchSearch  RegisterRegister  Log in  
Dear Students, try this link
وتبقى حمص وتبقى الغسانية

Display results as :
Rechercher Advanced Search
Latest topics
» truth about Syria
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptyMon Jan 09, 2012 3:42 pm by Safwano

» A story you need to read all
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptyThu Nov 03, 2011 1:35 pm by JOKER

» SYRIA...........................
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptyTue Oct 11, 2011 4:44 am by Admin

» What is chess?
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptyWed Oct 05, 2011 12:41 am by 3issam

» We are the champions
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptyWed Oct 05, 2011 12:37 am by 3issam

» school...........
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptySun Sep 25, 2011 5:48 pm by Admin

»  الشوكولا قريباً دواءٌ للسعال
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptyWed Sep 21, 2011 12:05 pm by 3issam

»  دراسة: الكحول اكثر ضررا من الهيروين
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptyTue Sep 06, 2011 12:59 pm by 3issam

» The marks of the Ninth Grade
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptySun Sep 04, 2011 3:22 am by Abdo Massouh

Who is online?
In total there are 4 users online :: 0 Registered, 0 Hidden and 4 Guests :: 1 Bot


Most users ever online was 77 on Thu Aug 10, 2017 1:47 pm
December 2023


 A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings

Go down 
2 posters
tarek abboud

Points : 22
Registration date : 2010-10-01

A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings Empty
PostSubject: A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings   A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptySun Dec 19, 2010 12:21 pm

go to to see the photos of the opening moves
The first moves of a chess game are termed the "opening" or "opening
A good opening will provide better protection of the King, control over
an area
of the board (particularly the center), greater mobility for pieces,
and possibly opportunities to capture opposing pawns and pieces.
The possible opening moves of chess have been extensively studied for
hundreds of years, and many of these sequences have been given
names to simplify discussion of a game.
This document briefly lists a few of the more well-known chess openings,
so that when you see the first few moves you can at least say
"Ah! That's the X!", where X is some well-known opening.
Many books and encyclopedias give "how to play" information on each
opening; here, we'll concentrate on at least knowing some common
to starting chess.
This is a small subset of well-known openings; many others are not
covered here.
Before you play a particular opening, you'd be wise to study it in more
depth than given here.
Pictures show the opening position; selecting the picture will show the
opening moves animated one move at a time
if you have a PGN viewer installed.
In all openings there is a struggle for key territory, in particular
the center squares, and an effort to deploy pieces and pawns in useful
Some are direct, while others are more subtle and indirect approaches
toward these goals.
There are three groups of openings covered here:
White can start by moving his King's pawn 2 spaces, i.e. playing "e4".
This move has many strengths - it immediately works on controlling the
and it frees two pieces (the Queen and a Bishop).
This is a popular first move, leaving Black with two options:[list=1]
Black may choose to mirror White's move
and reply with "e5" for the same reasons, leading
to openings such as the
Piano[/url] (including the
Gambit[/url] variant), and
Black can also try something other than mirroring White's "e4" move,
to openings such as the
Counter[/url], and

White can start by
moving the Queen's pawn to "d4".
This leads to openings such as the
Indian Defense[/url],
Bogo-Indian, and Queen's Indian Defense[/url],
White can start with some other move than "e4" or "d4".
One example is the
Each of these openings is briefly described below.

[hr][b]Ruy Lopez[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]The Ruy Lopez (also called the "Spanish" opening) starts out as
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5

The Ruy Lopez is an old opening; it is named after
Ruy Lopez, a 16th Century Spanish clergyman and chess enthusiast.
He made a systematic study of this and other chess openings, which he
recorded in a 150 page book. However, although it is named after him,
this particular opening was known
earlier; it is included in the Gottengen manuscript, which dates from
Popular use of the Ruy Lopez opening did not develop, however,
until the mid 1800's when Jaenisch, a Russian theoretician,
"rediscovered" its potential.
The opening is still in active use;
it is a favorite of Gary Kasparov and Bobby Fischer.
In it, White creates a potential pin of the d-pawn or Knight and starts
an attack immediately, while simultaneously preparing to castle.
White generally directs pressure on Black's e-pawn and tries to
prepare for a pawn on d4.
It's known that Black's best reply on move 3 is a6, which attacks
White's attacking bishop.
After that, White can back up (Ba4) or exchange pieces (Bxc6).

[hr][b]Giuoco Piano[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]This "Quiet Game" has White performing a mild attack with his Bishop,
but Black is often able to even up the game with his defenses.
It starts as:
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5

If White then replies "d3", you have the "Guioco Pianissimo" ("The
Quietest Game") - a very passive game.
[tr][td]If White replies with "b4?!", you have the
[b]"Evans Gambit"[/b],
in which White offers a pawn in exchange for a powerful center
and possibly opening his Queen Bishop.

[hr][b]King's Gambit[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]This opening was the most popular opening in the 1800s.
White offers a pawn in exchange for rapid development.
It's rarely seen now at the master level; according to Keene
it's been found that Black can obtain a
reasonable position (giving nothing for White's pawn).
1. e4 e5 2. f4

A natural following move is "exf4" accepting the gambit.

[hr][b]Sicilian Defense[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]The Sicilian starts as:
1. e4 c5

The Sicilian is popular at the master level.
Black immediately fights for the center, but
by attacking from the c-file (instead of mirroring
White's move) he creates an asymmetrical position
that leads to lots of complicated positions.
Black tries to attack White's e-pawn, often through a Knight at f6 and
Bishop at b7. Black would like to make the move "d5" without
[tr][td]The Sicilian has been extensively studied, and there are many
A popular variation is the "Dragon" variation, which starts as:
1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4
4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 g6

In this variation, Black finachettos a bishop on the h8-a1 diagonal.
This is called the "Dragon" variation because Black's pawn structure
is supposed to look like a dragon.
[tr][td]Another variation that's quite popular is the "Najdorf"
variation. It starts just like the Dragon, and
diverges on Black's move 5:

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4
4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 a6

According to Grandmaster Daniel King
White often responds with "Be2", permitting
Black to attack the center with "e5!".

[hr][b]French Defense[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]In the French Defense, Black lets White have more control over the
center, in exchange for which he builds a (hopefully) safe wall of
The French Defense starts as:
1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5

Games generally involve jockeying for position. The center usually
closed, two competing pawn chains arise, and each player tries to
the other.
White generally tries to play e5; Black tries to play c5 or f6.
Black's queen Bishop often becomes trapped and useless, and it's
known as the "French Bishop".


[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]The Caro-Kann is like the French defense - Black lets White build
of the center, and Black tries to get a pawn at d5.
It looks like a "wimpy Sicilian".
The Caro-Kann starts out as:
1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5

The main line of the Caro-Kann is
1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4

Black gets to eliminate one of White's central pawns and can get
his pieces developed, which is an advantage over the French Defense.
However, Black's pieces end up with more of a passive defensive role,
so players of this opening are often looking for White to make
a mistake (however slight).

[hr][b]Center Counter[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]The Center Counter starts out as:
1. e4 d5

This opening is also called the "Scandinavian" opening.
A common continuation is exd5 Qxd5.


[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]This opening goes by various names, such as "Pirc" and "Modern". It
1. e4 d6

1. e4 g6

Keene labels the "Modern Defense" as the sequence:
1. e4 g6 2. d4 Bg7

This is a relatively new opening.
In the 1930s this was considered inferior, but by the 1960s it was
found to be quite playable.
Black lets White take the center
with the view to undermining and ruining White's "wonderful" position.
This opening is tricky to play and correct play of it is
counter-intuitive (immediate center control is not a goal, since
Black is trying to undermine that control).

[hr][b]Queen's Gambit[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]Now we look at openings other than "1. e4".
The Queen's Gambit starts with:
1. d4 d5 2. c4

White offers up a pawn in exchange for rapid development.
Black can accept the gambit with dxc4, playing "Queen's Gambit
which is a risky way to play this gambit.
Black can also play Nc6 (the Tchigoran Defense), e6 (which leads to the
Tarrasch Defense), or play e6 (the Orthodox Defense).

[hr][b]King's Indian Defense[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]This is a "hypermodern" opening, where Black lets White take the center
with the view to later ruining White's "wonderful" position.
It's a risky opening, a favorite of both Kasparov and Fischer.
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg7

Black will be interested in playing c5, and when White plays d5,
reply with e6 and b5.

[hr][b]Nimzo-Indian, Bogo-Indian, and Queen's Indian

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]All of these "Indian" defenses start with:
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6

The Nimzo-Indian continues with "Nc3 Bb4".
In the Nimzo-Indian, White tries to create a pawn center and mass his
pieces behind behind them for attack.

[hr][b]Dutch Defense[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"]
[tr][td]The Dutch defense starts as:
1. d4 f5

The Dutch defense is an aggressive counterplay by Black.
Black immediately begins to move toward White's kingside in an attempt
to crush White. However, it also creates weaknesses in Black's position
from the beginning - this move of the f-pawn weakens Black's defenses
and doesn't help develop pieces.

[hr][b]English Opening[/b]

[table border="0" cols="2"][tr][td]The English opening is a "flank" manuever. It starts very differently:
1. c4

Here White hopes to control the center by first gaining support on the
A common response for Black is "c5".
Back to top Go down
Abdo Massouh
Abdo Massouh

Age : 28
Location : Mahatta
Points : 63
Registration date : 2010-10-18

A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings Empty
PostSubject: Re: A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings   A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings EmptyTue May 17, 2011 7:17 am

Thx Tarek,chess is the best game forever and after scratch
Back to top Go down
A Beginner's Garden of Chess Openings
Back to top 
Page 1 of 1
 Similar topics
» chess is fun
» What is chess?

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
algassania :: NEWS :: 2011 :: Homework-
Jump to: