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 ahmad shawqi

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Points : 59
Registration date : 2010-04-24

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PostSubject: ahmad shawqi   ahmad shawqi EmptySat May 01, 2010 8:49 am

[b][i][color:bd3f=red]Ahmed Shawqi[/color][/i][/b] [i](1868 - 1932) was one of the finest Arabic Language[url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poetry][color:bd3f=windowtext][b]poets[/b][/color][/url] and [b][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drama][color:bd3f=windowtext]dramatists[/color][/url][/b] who pioneered the modern [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_literature][color:bd3f=windowtext][b]Egyptian literary[/b][/color][/url] movement, most notably introducing the genre of poetic epics to the Arabic literary tradition. Shawqi also produced distinctive poetry that is widely considered to be the most prominent of the 20th century in Egypt. Raised in a privileged setting, his family was prominent and well-connected with the court of the Khedive[u] [/u]of Egypt. Upon graduating from high school, he attended law school, obtaining a degree in translation. Shawqi was then offered a job in the court of the Khedive [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbas_II_of_Egypt][color:bd3f=windowtext]Abbas II[/color][/url], which he immediately accepted. After a year working in the court of the Khedive, Shawqi was sent to continue his studies in Law at the Universities of[url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Montpellier][color:bd3f=windowtext]Montpellier[/color][/url] and [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Paris][color:bd3f=windowtext]Paris[/color][/url] for three years. While in France, he was heavily influenced by the works of French playwrights, most notably Molière and [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Racine][color:bd3f=windowtext]Racine[/color][/url]. He returned to Egypt in 1894, and remained a prominent member of Arab literary culture until the British forced him into exile in southern Spain, [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andalusia][color:bd3f=windowtext]Andalusia[/color][/url], in 1914. Shawqi remained there until 1920, when he returned to Egypt. In 1927 he was crowned by his peers Amir al- Sho’araa (the Prince of Poets) in recognition of his considerable contributions to the literary field. He used to live in ‘Karmet Ibn Hani’ at Al-Matariyyah area near the palace of the Khedive [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbas_II_of_Egypt][color:bd3f=windowtext]Abbas II[/color][/url] at Saray El-Qobba until he was exiled. After returning to Egypt he built a new house at [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giza][color:bd3f=windowtext]Giza[/color][/url] which he named the new Karmet Ibn Hani[u][sup].[/sup][/u] He met Mohammed Abdel Wahab, and introduced him for the first time to art, making him his protégé as he gave him a suite in his house. The house later on became [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_Shawki_Museum][color:bd3f=windowtext]Ahmed Shawki Museum[/color][/url] and [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_Abdel_Wahab][color:bd3f=windowtext]Mohammed Abdel Wahab[/color][/url] became one of the most famous Egyptian composers. Shawqi’s work can be categorized into three main periods during his career:[/i]
[list]
[*][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']The first coincides with the period during which he occupied a position at the court of the Khedive, consisting of eulogies to the Khedive: praising him or supporting his policy.[/font][/i]
[*][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']The second comprised the period of his exile in [/font][/i][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spain][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']Spain[/font][/color][/url][/i][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']. During this period, his feeling of nostalgia and sense of alienation directed his poetic talent to patriotic poems on Egypt as well as the Arab world.[/font][/i]
[*][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']The third stage occurred after his return from exile: during that period he became preoccupied with the glorious history of Ancient Egypt and Islam. This was the period during which he wrote his religious poems, in praise of the Prophet [/font][/i][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']Muhammad[/font][/color][/url][/i][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']. The maturation of his poetic style was also reflected in his plays, the most notable of which were published during this period[/font][/i]
[/list]

[font:bd3f=Symbol][i]· [/i][/font][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']Majnun Laila his first play.[/font][/i]

[font:bd3f=Symbol][i]· [/i][/font][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Death_of_Cleopatra][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']The Death of Cleopatra[/font][/color][/url][/i][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman'], his most famous play. [/font][/i]

[font:bd3f=Symbol][i]· [/i][/font][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ali_bek_el-Kabeer&action=edit&redlink=1][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']Ali bek el-Kabeer[/font][/color][/url][/i][i][/i]

[font:bd3f=Symbol][i]· [/i][/font][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Qambeez&action=edit&redlink=1][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']Qambeez[/font][/color][/url][/i][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman'] ([/font][/i][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambyses_II][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']Cambyses II[/font][/color][/url][/i][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']), 1931 ,and two [/font][/i][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comedy][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']comedies[/font][/color][/url][/i][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']:[/font][/i]
[list]
[*][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Es-Set_Huda&action=edit&redlink=1][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']Es-Set Huda[/font][/color][/url][/i][i] [/i]
[*][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=El-Bakhila&action=edit&redlink=1][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']El-Bakhila[/font][/color][/url][/i][i] [/i]
[/list]

[i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']in addition to a prose play: [/font][/i][i][url=http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Princess_of_Andalusia&action=edit&redlink=1][color:bd3f=windowtext][font:bd3f='Times New Roman']the Princess of Andalusia[/font][/color][/url][/i][i][font:bd3f='Times New Roman'].[/font][/i]
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